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Dip pens were one of the first mass-produced writing tools. They replaced quills and although an old invention they are still in use but more for drawing than for writing. Read more about history of dip pen.
At the first glance, who could tell that the first ballpoint pens appeared some 130 years ago? But they did and were intended for writing on leather. Today, billions are made and sold every year and we almost cannot imagine our day-today life without them. Read more about ballpoint pen history.
Fountain pens replaced standard metal pens because they were easier to use and were less messy. After years of improvements (and after appearance of ballpoint pens which are even easier to use) they became a sort of status symbol. Read more about history of fountain pen.
Mechanical pencils are also old invention dating even from 16th century. First ones were relatively simple mechanisms, only to become more complicated with time. Today we have mechanical pencils which can write and draw very precisely.